Mental illness is something most of us experience from time to time. Mental disorders, on the other hand, denote diseases with more pronounced symptoms and signs, and which reduce the quality of life.
Mental disorders are the cause of 1/3 of all disability benefits and the average age at granting a disability pension is 46 years.
Mental illness are conditions that are perceived as stressful, but not to such an extent that they are characterized as diagnoses. Mental illness often, but not always, affect thoughts, feelings and behavior and can often lead to reduced quality of life and go beyond functioning in everyday life.
Mental disorders, on the other hand, denote conditions in which certain diagnostic criteria are met and are usually more stressful than mental illness. Mental disorders often affect thoughts, feelings and behaviors more than mental illness. The disorders often lead to a reduced quality of life and go beyond functioning in everyday life. Like physical ailments, mental disorders include less severe, moderate and very serious conditions.
Mental disorders a widespread problem in all age groups.
Among children and adolescents, 1/3 of 16-year-olds have once in their lives had symptoms that meet the criteria for psychiatric diagnoses such as behavioral disorders, anxiety or depression and about 8% have a given mental disorder, most often anxiety, depression and behavioral disorders.
Among adults, 10-30% have had at least one mental illness in the course of 1 year.
At any given time, 10% have anxiety and during their lifetime, 20-25% will experience anxiety. The most common anxiety disorders, 5-10% per year, are specific phobias and social anxiety, while the less common anxiety disorders, 0.5-3%, are panic disorder, agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder.
At any given time, 6-12% have depression and during their lifetime, 15-20% will experience depression.
Within 1 year, 15% have alcohol abuse or addiction. During life, 15-20% have alcohol abuse or addiction.
What can I do myself?
If you have anxiety disorders, you can try to find out if there is a pattern in your ailments. For mild and moderate ailments, you can try to practice your ability to withstand anxiety-triggering situations, places, objects, animals and take advantage of self-administered internet-based cognitive therapy.
For depression, exercise and physical activity are recommended that are moderately effective for mild and moderate depression. Avoid insulation. Maintain a normal circadian rhythm. Avoid alcohol or other drugs. Self-administered internet-based cognitive therapy can have a good effect.
You should see a doctor when the feeling of depression or anxiety is inhibiting you in your daily activities, or has persisted for a long time. You should also see a doctor for symptoms of other mental disorders to get good and timely help.
What can Eyr help with?
- Eyr can assess whether the problems are related to mental illness or disorder.
- Eyr can give advice and provide support for mental illness.
- Eyr can assess whether there is a need for a referral to a specialist by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
- Eyr can renew regular medications, not addictive medications.
- Eyr will not prescribe antidepressant medication or sedatives.